The delivery of sterile products for use in patient care depends not only on the efficiency of the sterilization process, but also on the design of the unit, decontamination, disassembly and packaging of the device, sterilizer loading, monitoring, quality and quantity of sterilant, and relevance. of the cycle for the content of the charge and other aspects of the reprocessing of the device. Healthcare workers should do most of the cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization of patient care supplies in a central treatment unit to more easily control quality. The goal of centralized processing is the orderly processing of medical and surgical instruments to protect patients from infection while minimizing risk to staff and preserving the value of reprocessed items. Health facilities should promote the same level of efficiency and safety in the preparation of supplies in other areas (eg, operating room, respiratory therapy) as that practiced in central treatment.
To ensure consistency of sterilization practices, a comprehensive program guarantees operator competence and appropriate methods of cleaning and packaging instruments, loading the sterilizer, operating the sterilizer, and monitoring the entire process. . In addition, care must be consistent from the point of view of infection prevention in all patient care settings, such as hospitals and outpatient departments.